Build-up of food debris and bacteria on the surface of your teeth can cause build up of plaque. Plaque can be removed by brushing daily, flossing, and other types of oral hygiene procedures.
If the plaque is not removed thoroughly on a daily basis, it mixes with saliva and forms hard deposits on the teeth known as tartar. If tartar is not removed, the gums become irritated and inflamed causing bleeding when brushing your teeth. You may also notice bad breath and an unpleasant taste in your mouth. These are symptoms often associated with gum disease.
Tartar cannot be removed by brushing and requires professional removal by your dentist or hygienist. The removal or tartar is done mechanically by dental scaling. Once tartar is removed from the tooth surface, the area will be easier to clean, and effective regular twice daily tooth brushing and flossing can resolve any inflammation left behind.